Victory was launched on 7 May 1765, but was only commissioned for active service in March 1778 to take part in the War of American Independence (1775–83).The ship had 104 guns, 27 miles of rigging and four acres of sail. The table below lists the different nationalities represented among the crew, which shows the great diversity on board just this one ship of the fleet! The crew quarters were located amidships. They ranged in age from 12 to 18 years old. Anyone who could demonstrate to the Lieutenant's satisfaction that they could perform one or more tasks on the ship would be rated as an ordinary seaman. There were also 4 Frenchmen listed as members of the crew, whether they had been prisoners of war, or men fleeing the rule of Napoleon is not recorded. After many negotiations the sailors were given a few, limited, privileges and a long overdue raise in pay. As this list is now incomplete, we suggest using the National Archives' database of Trafalgar Ancestors instead.. There were 194 ordinary seamen in Victory's crew. They are included here as members of the ship's company in the previous listings. The Victory ship was a class of cargo ship produced in large numbers by North American shipyards during World War II to replace losses caused by German submarines. Every task of manual labour was performed by them, along with many highly-skilled tasks. The midshipmen are the other group aboard that consisted of mostly boys and young men. Any certificates the sailor presented would be inspected and a brief interview conducted. defeated the combined French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar, with the help of Sir Thomas Hardy. Putting the ship into action was the most complex of all. According to a list of the British Navy in 1805, Victory's full complement was 837 men. The purser was required to post a bond before accepting his position and he was personally responsible for the supplies entrusted to him. Cannon on Deck of Ship. An interesting enigma is, John Geoghenan Agent Victualler's Clerk (wounded at Trafalgar), who is listed at Brief HMS Victory crew list, but is not found on the HMS Victory's crew list. Many crew lists are held by the Maritime History Archive and you can search their catalogue by ship’s number. Unlike Edited Entries, Entries Sylvester Antolak 825 Stevens Victory, VC2-S-AP2/WSAT (1597)/USAT - AP 187 Pvt. This was the origin of the order to 'show a leg', a feminine leg was allowed an hour more in the hammock than her male companion. There were also men assigned to supervise the handling of the sheets9 and a man assigned to serve in the powder magazine when the ship was in action. To allow for the inevitable loss of provisions at sea, he had been allowed to issue stores at 14 instead of 16 ounces to the pound, and 7 instead of 8 pints to the gallon. Find out where the ship is located at the exact date with arrival and departure times in port. Victory ships typically carried a crew of 62 civilian merchant sailors and 28 naval personnel to operate defensive guns and communications equipment. A question we are often asked at the museum is how many men were on board, and who were they? Life in the 19th century was difficult for most people. The remainder were assigned to aid the warrant officers in their duties. The close supervision of all the groups of sailors were assigned to several new classes of petty officers, midshipmen became warrant officers and the surgeon and chaplin became commissioned officers. You need 2 pieces for the model - one for each side of ship! Most ships sailed with less than a full crew. Harsh punishment was swiftly applied, to keep the men in control by the few officers over them. They would plug any shot holes near the waterline. Although they would later become warrant officers, in 1805 they were classed as petty officers, assigned at their captain's whim. at the Battle of Trafalgar, 21 October 1805. Created Nov 24, 2012 | Updated Dec 30, 2012. Portsmouth Historic Dockyard and all of the attractions are temporarily closed, National Museum of the Royal Navy Portsmouth, Horrible Histories Pirates: The Exhibition, 10 Christmas Gifts available from Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, Eight curious artefacts at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard, 5 Virtual Portsmouth Historic Dockyard Tours. Each ship had an ideal complement of men, with various levels of skill and experience. When an action was required they would all take their place. Find Our Latest COVID-19 Updates Here. It is quite impossible to tell them all here. The sharp return to discipline at sea has been sighted as one of the motives for the crew's participation in the mutiny. In later years he would obtain further degrees in medicine from the University of Aberdeen on 28 February 1806. and another from the University of St Andrews on 14 October 1817. The difference between the midshipmen and the ship's boys is that the midshipmen have an expectation of becoming commissioned officers themselves one day, and are given chances to command as their skills improve. Like the petty officers these men also had special training, however their skills did not involve the actual sailing of the ship. Even if the ship was removed from active duty they would remain aboard and see that everything was kept in good repair while she lay in ordinary at the shipyard. There were 86 landsmen in Victory's crew. There were 60 petty officers on the muster role. They were often appointed to help out family and friends who requested assistance. he was second in command of the ship and usually stood no watches. Most of the crew were divided into two watches, Starboard and Larboard5. If no man-of war sailor was available fishermen and merchant sailors were preferred, but any strong healthy-looking person might be taken. A little digging finds that the barracks at Portsmouth were listed as HMS Victory in modern times, as the navy's organization required all sailors be assigned to a ship. They roamed the countryside, concentrating on areas near the naval ports and the coastal counties, searching for men to compel into the service. Each ship had an ideal complement of men, with various levels of skill and experience. The reputation of the captain, and often of the ship itself, could greatly effect the number of volunteers, especially among the more experienced men. The first–16 April to 15 May 1797, occurred in the fleet anchored at Spithead, an anchorage in the Solent1 near Portsmouth, and the city of Southampton. If you consider any Entry to be in breach of the site's He would in later years become the preferred physician of King William IV and is known to history as 'Dr. The manning and operation of a man-of-war in the early 19th century was a complex and intricate undertaking. The armourer was charged with the repair of all weapons. The flag secretary and his clerk, they assisted the Admiral and Flag Lieutenant with the correspondence and accounts of the fleet. The many warsthat Britain had found herself engaged in during the second half of the 18th Century had doubled t… In action almost all the boys were employed carrying powder to the guns, although many of the landsmen were also employed in this work. Several of the warrant officers were assigned to the ship, rather than the captain. So where did they come from? Good sailing qualities, however, are secondary to the weight of broadside that she can both deliver and withstand. He was one of the highest paid men in the enlisted ranks, and he was expected to be despised by rest of the crew as part of his duties. Maltese 6, Canadian 2, Indian 2 and one from Jamaica. No proof was required. Set sail on iconic waterways aboard our luxury vessels. 9 Italians, 7 Dutch, 4 Swedish, 2 German, 2 Swiss, 2 Danish and 2 Norwegian. Since then additional sources have become available. Although the commissioned and warrant officers were usually supplied by the Admiralty, the captain of each ship was responsible for recruiting the rest. The French viewpoint of the battle. A cannon on deck of HMS Victory in Portsmouth, England. Men convicted of minor crime could often exchange their prison sentence for service in the Royal Navy. 7th May 1765: 6 years, and around 6000 trees later, Victory is launched but moved to the Medway as part of a reserve fleet. This is not true, only a small part of the crew, called top-men, worked aloft. From the Admiral like Nelson, down to the 31 boys … He was responsible for all of the small arms, except those carried by the Marines. The remainder were private soldiers. 1765: HMS Victory is launched. This is a brief look into the management of a large warship. The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve off the south-west coast of … For any other comments, please visit the Feedback page. They included; The two assistant surgeons, who assisted the Surgeon. Some boys were used as top-men on the upper spars as their light weight was an advantage on the tiny yards. Primarily this document is for use of Carnival Cruise Line crew members and their families, however, everyone is welcomed to share and use it. Whenever a ship was paid-off, her crew discharged, everyone who had achieved any advancement would ask for letters of recommendation to present to their next ship. Each ship had an ideal complement of men, with various levels of skill and experience. Chaplain Alex Scott is often referred to as Nelson's chaplain, although he also conducted services for the entire crew. There were also one each from Portugal and Brazil. William Wilmet held this position. Charles Carroll had charge of the ship's galley (kitchen) He would see the fires were lit early each morning and supervise the cooking of the meals. Nelson had declined to appoint a replacement. There were certain restrictions, they were often ignored. The crews became violent and tried to blockade London. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated Ranging from teddies to t-shirts, we have ideal gifts for all ages! It contains contributions from countless numbers of travellers and researchers. Crew lists (properly termed ‘Crew Agreements’) formed a contract between a seafarer and their employer. You can check where other crew lists are held using Discovery – search for the term ‘crew lists’ and click on the ‘other archives’ filter. another 102 men had been wounded in battle. House Rules, please Most of us have heard a bit about how Lord Horatio Nelson Quickly proving successful, Victory could sail faster than many of its smaller consorts, thanks to the excellent design of the underwater hull. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Feb 10, 2015 - The Crew | HMS Victory The great majority of the crew – over 500 – were the seamen who sailed or fought on the ship. William Bunce was assisted by 2 ship's carpenters, also warrant officers. This list also includes men who were killed during battle, and their share of prize money would have been paid to their families. A thick layer of melted fat, called slush, remained. It was not unusual for a captain to have his own son serving as one of his midshipman. He was assisted by the gunner's mates and quarter gunners, who were petty officers, he would train the men in serving the guns and supervise them in battle. In truth they were not alone aboard Victory. Most ships sailed with less than a full crew. Following the maiden voyage, Victory 1 ship cruises out of Miami on 5 more roundtrip itineraries. The world famous HMS Victory at Portsmouth Harbour, England. The crew were divided into four ranks based on their experience and recommendations. Another interesting fact is that while on foreign service local citizens were often enlisted into the crew. The boatswain11 was in charge of the maintenance of the spars and rigging. HMS Victory, launched at Chatham in 1765, was a 100-gun ship of the line with a length of 186 feet (57 m), a displacement of 2,162 tons, and a crew of more than 800 men. 556 APA 208 -LPA 208 Talladega, VC2-S-AP5 73 Taos Victory, VC2-S-AP2 /USAT 557 APA 209 Tazewell, VC2-S-AP5 558 APA 210 Telfair, VC2-S-AP5 Build your own scale model In the Royal Navy this was extenuated by lack of food and other supplies, especially at the end of a long voyage. There were 44 specialists aboard Victory. Besides Lord Nelson and Captain Hardy, there are 820 crew on this list. One exception to the rule prohibiting shore-leave had been the HMS Bounty's stay in Tahiti. While 4 men where required to be at each station only one would be required to be active a time. He would also see that everything was clean and in its place. Nelson's steward was Henry Chevallier, who comforted him in his last hours. The Captain, First Lieutenant and several specialists did not stand watches, but performed their duties as needed, or served from dawn until dark. While this book has a great deal to offer, it was written in 1905, a hundred years after the battle, and contains several references to the later organization of the navy. The carpenter was in charge of the maintenance of the vessel itself. Eating and Drinking It was important that Victory’s provisions remained edible through many months at sea. HMS Victory - side entrance to the second cannon deck - decoration above the door from metal. One of their main goals was to become acquainted with all the aspects of seamanship so they were frequently moved from station to station to learn new skills and to find the best place to suit their needs and preferences. Royal Caroline ship mod el kit Several of the leaders were hanged for their participation. There were many who volunteered to join the ship. Today Victory is preserved at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard and, as the flagship of the First Sea Lord & Chief of Naval Staff, is the oldest commissioned warship in the world. The cook was entitled to a large portion of the slush, the remainder was used to lubricate various parts of the ship. In the event of a battle he would issue pistols and cutlasses to the boarding parties. To add any more would overwhelm this entry. In battle they would work, with their crew, in the 'wings', small corridors along each side of the ship, just below the lower gun deck. While the ship was at sea one of them would be supervising her movements as officer of the deck. The Ships: Ship Name : Type and class, main characteristics, WW1 Battle Honours, Fate including links to any Battle Honours, World War 1 fates, and World War 2 service. Only a few years before Trafalgar there had been two 'Great Mutinies'. This was not a bloody uprising with the crews seizing the ships, but a refusal to hoist the anchors and go to sea. They could tie dozens of different knots, and knew when and where to use each. The midshipmen would be stationed in various parts of the ship to supervise the crew. It was also an opportunity to gain influence with a powerful man who wished to find employment for a younger or troubled son. July 1759: The keel of the Victory, a first rate ship of the line, is laid down, in seven parts initially, at Chatham Dockyard.The cost in modern money equates to around £46.5 million. It has been compiled and recompiled many times and under many different editorships. HMS Victory is a first rate ship of the line, carrying some 100 guns and a crew of more than 800 men. My Father's papers show that he was listed from 3rd January- 15th February 1941. The research into this entry has been interesting and it deserves a brief mention. Attached is a crew photo taken in 1941. The cook often sold his slush to the crew, who used it to make treats such as pudding and duff. William Rivers would see that all were in good repair and fully supplied for battle. Not Panicking Ltd is not responsible for the content of external internet sites. There were also several men listed as 'Retinue', who were the stewards, including one dedicated to the Admiral. Victory MM738 ship mod el kit Nelson's Flagship HMS Victory stands today as the world's oldest commissioned warship. This was done to help enforce discipline and deflect resentment from the officers. 830 Stetson Victory, VC2-S-AP2/WSAT (1597)/USAT -AP 192 Sgt. Joe P. Martinez 737 Swarthmore Victory, VC2-S-AP2 . Each manoeuvre, such as raising the anchor, setting sail, changing course had their own requirements. See more ideas about maritime, victorious, ship. Log books She is best known for her role as Lord Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805. Other nationalities were represented; At the end of the battle the Victory's losses were; Admiral Lord Nelson, his Secretary, the Captain of Marines, one Lieutenant, two Midshipmen, the Captain's Clerk, 32 Seamen and 18 Marines – all killed. One of the most infamous members of any crew was the master at arms, the head of the ship's police force. They had been established in earlier times because the commissioned officers were considered above the position of a mere tradesman. There were a total of 17 warrant officers assigned to Victory. Many believe that most of the crew were employed on the masts and yards to handle the sails. At the conclusion of this interview the new hand would be entered into the ship's books at one of the ratings. 4 sergeants, 3 corporals, a trumpeter and two drummers. register a complaint. Only one, an Italian, came from outside the United Kingdom. Gray Lane Victory ship docked with Green suspension. As published in the Paris Moniteur. Many visitors to HMS Victory are surprised to learn that the crew was made up of at least 22 different nationalities at Trafalgar. Captain George Murray, Nelson's Captain of the Fleet, had been detained in England for personal reasons. Now in dry dock and a tourist attraction. Landsmen had little or no experience at sea, they received less pay and had no say in where they were assigned in the ship. Although a badge of the boatswain the call was also carried by the master and his mates as well as the coxswain. Their meagre pay was often withheld for months, or even years, in an effort to prevent desertion. ", Peer Review: A87778264 - The Crew of the HMS Victory at, Florida Sailor All is well with the world, The History of the Royal Navy - Part 2 (1660 - 1815), The Method and Procedures of Nelson's Navy, Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson - The Years of Fame and Glory. HMS Victory is still an officially commissioned ship of the Royal Navy, and is the official flagship of the First Sea Lord. There were 8 commissioned lieutenants on board, not counting the executive officer. Unlike other parts of the crew most were volunteers, many were orphans or the children of destitute families who were volunteered by the institutions supporting them. The men were given a great deal of time ashore. The last 48 are listed as 'nationality unknown. An interesting comparison to the official account is Each agreement lists all the crew, their rank or rating, their address, rate of pay and dates of joining and leaving the ship. The boatswain was the most qualified seaman aboard, and he would remain with the ship even when she was no longer in commission to continue its maintenance. Although almost all were from the United Kingdom, one, Richard Bulkeley, an 18 year old, is listed as an American. For model in scale 1:100. He would also be assigned a place to hang his hammock, a watch, stations for all manoeuvres of the ship and was instructed where to stow his gear. 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